|A Thingvalla Line promotional pamphlet 1887
Translation 2004 by Børge Solem - Courtesy of Ole Lyngklip
This booklet was issued by the Thingvalla Line in 1887, and gives an interesting insight in the progress of emigration. This is promotional pamphlet which was forwarded to potential travelers and emigrants. The booklet is written in Danish and Swedish, and is partly translated to English here. It gives a short introduction of the company, and it's fleet. It gives a short description of the conditions aboard the ships with details about the menu on the different classes. It has many details about the different matters an emigrant should be concerned with in connection with the purchase of tickets, the ocean travel, the arrival to Castle Garden and the inland voyage. There are also many interesting pictures.
(text page 1)
The Thingvalla Mail Steamship Company
(text page 2)
The Thingvalla Steamship Company's board:
(picture page 3)
(page 4 - 5)
(text page 7)
The Steamship Company "Thingvalla" of Copenhagen was established in 1879. The intentions were to offer for Scandinavian emigrants un-expensive, comfortable, and in all ways safe voyages. The best guaranty for this is to be achieved, lies in the strictness and accuracy, with which the Department of Justice have put into the construction of the Regulations concerning the Police's control with the direct conveyance. With every ship travels an educated Scandinavian physician, which employment is approved by the Chief of Police. All supplies are inspected by governmental inspectors before the ships departure. The ships are examined by the Police physician before the departure, who also checks that the ship is carrying a sufficient supply of medicine. If needed medicine will be given to the passengers by the ship's physician without any charge. The conveyance is direct, so customs examination of luggage and lodging in foreign transit harbors, are avoided.
The Captains and officers are all Scandinavians, so the passengers can consult any of them without having to use an interpreter or be escorted by a guide, in all means.
(text page 8)
The Thingvalla Line is the only Steamship Line which gives the passengers guaranty checks for their luggage (see page 20). In the ships there are several hospitals where the passengers will receive treatment without any extra charge in the case of illness. At arrival to the landing stage in America, as in Scandinavia, the passengers are received by the company's own representatives, who are all Scandinavians. They will also assist with further conveyance of passengers who have tickets for the inland voyage. The fleet of the company, now consisting of 4 great and modern iron screw steamships, namely the Hekla, Geiser, Island and Thingvalla, whereof the first is built by Scott & Co in Greenock, and the others are built in Copenhagen by the famous shipbuilding Company of Burmeister & Wain. The ships are specially equipped for passenger transportation, and departs on a regular basis every 14th day from Copenhagen, Christiania, Christiansand and New York. The ships are constructed with several and divided watertight bulkheads to reduce the risk if colliding with other ships or in case of fire.
(page 9 - 10)
(text page 11)
There is a library to the benefit of the passengers, separate saloon for women, Smoking room, and bathroom. To the service of the passengers there are both male and female stewards.
2.nd cabin (Hekla & Thingvalla) and 3rd Cabin (Island & Geiser)
(text page 12)
The between deck (steerage)
The meals consist of:
Everyone gets as much to eat as desired. To the male passengers who desires, it is served every morning one dram of liquor. There are also rich supplies of water. There are bakeries on the ships, where fresh bread is baked every day. The between deck (steerage) is high, light and spacey, and is heated in the cold part of the year. Mothers of infants will receive milk or vrilfood free of charge.
(text page 13)
(text page 14 and 15)
Aboard the S. S. "Hekla", New-York, 5. Febr. 1886
(text page 17 - 18)Guide for the arrival to New York
At arrival the ships embed at the companies dock in Hoboken, where the passengers disembarks and the luggage is brought ashore. After disembarkation there will be customs inspection, to make this quick it is required that every passenger goes to get the luggage immediately after coming ashore, and when receiving the luggage must deliver the brass checker received for the luggage when boarded to the ship's official, then open the luggage and stay by it tills it has been inspected.
After the luggage has been inspected the passengers must see to it that they get one brass checker back for every piece of luggage delivered to the Castle Garden clerks which are on the dock.
Without the brass checker it will be very difficult to find the luggage in Caste Garden. (Castle Garden is the governmental bureau where all the passengers are registered)
The luggage will then be brought aboard on a steamboat which will bring the luggage to Castle Garden. Those of the passengers who intend to stay in New York can leave Castle Garden at any time after being registered, and come back for the luggage any time later with the brass checker. Passengers which have tickets also valid for the inland voyage by train, must get their travelling orders converted into railway tickets valid for the specific railway Company on which they are going to travel, before leaving Castle Garden, then go to the Castle Garden's luggage room to switch the brass checkers received on the ship to new checkers valid to the final destination, and then deliver the checkers when they get there to get the luggage. In Castle Garden the passengers can bunker food supplies sufficient for the railway voyage, which usually will take place in the evening on the day of arrival. If the contrary, those who wants to can stay the night in Castle Garden. The passengers are guided from Castle Garden to the railway station by the Thingvalla Line's Scandinavian clerks, who will assist the passengers in getting on the right train.
(text page 20)
Guaranty for the luggage
It is therefore important to notice that the passengers must not give away their guaranty tags without receiving their luggage at the same time. The company does not give any guaranty for any luggage the passenger keeps with him during the voyage (that is luggage not kept in the holds), hereunder personal bags, bedding (used for the voyage) small suitcases or the like, which is possessions which the passengers must take responsibility for, and loss off such possessions the company be not responsible for under any circumstances. If some luggage is missing at arrival, and the passenger has a guaranty tag for it, he must immediately report to the company's office the content of the lost luggage and it's value - and give the accurate address of where he will be staying to the company, and will thence receive a receipt in return for the guaranty tag. The company will then make investigations to find the lost luggage, and if it is not
(text page 21)
found within 3 moths, the company will compensate for the value of the luggage, though limited up to the value of 200 Korner for each collie. Complaints concerning lost luggage must be forwarded on one of the company's offices within 8 days after the ship arrival, if not they will not be considered valid. Loss or damage caused by collision with another ship, or by other accidents, is not covered by the guaranty. Luggage must be received in the company stores at the latest 12 hours before the ship departs, it must be secured (preferable winded with rope) and marked with the passengers name and destination. Adult passengers can bring 20 cubic ft. of luggage free of charge. On the railway in America adults can bring 100 £ of luggage free of charge.
(text page 23)
(text page 24)
(text page 25)
Tickets from America to Scandinavia
Those who intends to go home to Europe in the summer months, May, June or July, or in the autumn months of October, November and first part of December, must secure their spaces in good time by sending the passenger fee to the office in New York, Chicago or St. Paul, where after the tickets will be mailed, if not, all the space might already be occupied at their arrival to New York.
Tour and return tickets are sold to considerably reduced prices. We will draw the Scandinavian Public's attention to the desirable "Excursions" whereto there are special arrangements with the railway companies in America.
(text page 27)
Bills of exchange
We specially draw to the extension
The Money Order system
(text page 29 - 30)
(text page 31)
Thingvalla Steamship Company
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