logo
Historic DocumentsMain Page >>

Agent's authorization


2000-2006 - BÝrge Solem

In 1869 an act was passed in conjunction with the increasing number of emigration agents acting on behalf of the great steamship companies following the start of the mass emigration which had started in the mid 1860-ies. It stated that nobody could act as a commissioner or agent, for conveyance of emigrants to foreign parts of the world, without a written authorization form the police commissioner at the place where he has his head office, or from where he is conducting his activities. Before such authorization could be given, the agent had to deposit a security with the police to cover for the agent's obligations towards the emigrant.

The steamship companies built networks of agents operating all over the county. It was a hierarchy consisting of a "General Agent", normally stationed in Christiania (Oslo), and under him there would be "Head Agents" in the different regions of the country, and under them several "Sub Agents". The general agent had to approve the agents in the network below him, and his deposited security was also to cover any obligation that the sub-agents made on his behalf. Therefore, permission for other persons to do business on behalf of the general agent had to be given in form of a written authorization, which after it had been signed by the Police Commissioner in the district where the general agent's authorization was given, had to be shown before the Police Commissioner in the district where the sub agent intended to do business. The general agent was according to the law, in every manner responsible for the acts of his representatives.

This is an authorization paper for a sub-agent in Stadsbygd near Trondheim. It was issued by the general agent of the State Line in Norway, Chr. Sotaaen, as a representative for the owners "Allan C. Gow & Co. It states that Sotaaen had appointed Christoffer Buan at Raudberget as his sub-agent, and given him permission to enroll passengers on his behalf, for passage to America on the State Line ships. He was authorized to sign contracts and to receive a maximum prepayment of 20 Kroner from each adult passenger. Signed by Sotaaen January 2nd 1884 in Christiania.

In the next paragraph the Police official in Christiania confirms that Sotaaen is authorized as an emigration agent, and that he had paid a deposit of 20 000 Kroner as acquired according to the act of May 22nd 1869. Signed by head of the police in Christiania, Hilmar Krogh on January 2nd 1884.


The police kept registers of authorized agents. The image above shows the entry for J. Krantz, authorized as the general agent of the Dominion Line in 1884. He was authorized to convey emigrants via Hull, London and Liverpool to Quebec, Portland and New Orleans and by railway to the final destination in America. He had deposited 20.000 Kroner as a security. Below is the authorization to work as a sub agent for J. Krantz, the general agent of the Dominion Line.

Other Related Articles :
  • Norwegian passenger act - 1869 (April 2006)
    On May 22nd, 1869 a new law was passed, concerning the conveyance of passengers to foreign parts of the world. This law was intended to protect the emigrants against trickery from the emigration agents and the companies they represented. Prior to this, complaints had been going on for several years.
  • Hunting Passenger Lists (1999)
    An article describing how, and where, to look for passenger information about Norwegian emigrants. Featuring: US Arrivals, Records of the U.S. Customs Service, (1820 - ca. 1891), Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, (1891 - 1957), Canadian Arrivals, Canadian records - (1865 - 1935), St. Albans lists (1895-), Norwegian records, Norwegian Police Emigration Lists (1867 - 1973), the Danes, the Swedes, Norwegian church records moving lists (1820 - 1915), British records of transmigrants, The British Board of Trade, Passenger Lists, Outwards, (1890-1960), The British Board of Trade, Passenger Lists, Inwards, (1878-1888 and 1890-1960), Discussion
  • Emigration contracts - passenger contracts (2000 - 2006)
    The emigration contracts made out between the emigration agents and the emigrants.





Print This Article
Articles can be E-mailed to a friend and you can get a printable version of the article.
Search Articles :
Search the Norway Heritage articles
emigrant trunk
The Norway Heritage web site is a culmination of hard work and commitment to providing FREE access to material concerning our heritage. Maintaining a non-profit project requires some kind of financial support. By making a donation you will help keep this site the great resource that it is! It will also ensure your visits remain popup and banner ad free. Help us add more stuff to the emigrant trunk. Please support this free resource!

Articles
A selection of articles dedicated to help you in your genealogy search for your Norwegian ancestors. Transcripts and pictures of historic documents in connection with the ships and emigration. Also including articles about Pioneers & Norwegian Settlements Around the World
Articles about selected ships ships and special events in their history. Descriptions of some of the great maritime disasters involving emigrant ships, like the wrecking of the steamer Atlantic of the White Star Line, sinking of the ocean liner Empress of Ireland and the Thingvalla line steamer Norge disaster. Check this section if you have an interest in shipwrecks.
This section contains articles describing the transatlantic voyage, the condition of the steerage accommodations and the experience of an ocean travel on an emigrant ship. You will find in-depth studies concerning the emigration process, statistics and facts, and information about the immigration processing centers line Castle Garden and Ellis Island.
Passenger lists
Norwegian Emigrants 1825-1875 Pre 1875 Norwegian emigrants, passenger lists
Emigrant Ship databases

Agents & Shipping lines
Shipping lines, Norwegian agents, authorizations, routes and fleets.

Emigrant ship Arrivals
Trond Austhem's database of emigrant ship arrivals around the world, 1870-1894.

Norwegian departures
100 Years of Emigrant Ships from Norway - indexed by year 1825-1925
Images
Categories:
  >> Steamships
       arranged by shipping line
  >> Sailing ships
  >> Historic Documents
       & passenger lists
  >> The Voyage
  >> Ports - harbors
  >> Yards & Construction
  >> Miscellaneous
  >> Pioneers & Settlements
 
Images added during the last 14 days
You can add images of ships and other related motives by using the "Upload Image" link within the appropriate category.
Forum
10 last postings: