Norway Heritage logo
S/S Ottawa, Allan Line Main Page >>

BurdenBuiltShipowner or operator Dimensions
1,810 gross 1865 at Birkenhead by Laird Bros Allan Line, Liverpool, England 287ft x 35.2ft 
 Year Departure ArrivalRemarks
 1865  May 13, launched for British Colonial SS CoAtlantic Journey ID 622
 1865  Aug. 16, maiden voyage London - Quebec - MontrealAtlantic Journey ID 623
 1865  Dec. 14, first voyage London - New YorkAtlantic Journey ID 624
 1866  Mastered by Capt. Archer, departed from Christiania Aug. 22, arrived at New York Sep. 6Atlantic Journey ID 625
 1867  Chartered by Hiller & Strauss for Antwerp - New YorkAtlantic Journey ID 626
 1868  Acquired by Allan Line from British Colonial SS CoAtlantic Journey ID 634
 1868  May 19, first voyage for Allan, Glasgow - Quebec - MontrealAtlantic Journey ID 627
 1869  May 25, departed from Stavanger, arrived at Quebec on June 11Atlantic Journey ID 628
 1870  Glasgow  Apr. 12  Quebec  Apr. 29 Dublin (Kingstown) - MontrealTransatlantc ID
 1870  Liverpool  May 26  Quebec  June 08 Glasgow - Dublin (Kingstown) - MontrealTransatlantc ID
 1870  Glasgow  July 06  Quebec  July 19 Dublin (Kingstown) - MontrealTransatlantc ID
 1870  Glasgow  Aug. 16  Quebec  Aug. 29 Liverpool 1870-08-17Transatlantc ID
 1870  Glasgow  Sept. 27  Quebec  Oct. 12 Dublin (Kingstown) - MontrealTransatlantc ID
 1871  Glasgow  Apr. 11  Quebec  Apr. 25 Dublin (Kingstown) - MontrealTransatlantc ID
 1871  Glasgow  May 23  Quebec  June 07 Liverpool 1871-05-25 - Dublin 1871-05-26Transatlantc ID
 1871  Glasgow  July 04  Quebec  July 16 Transatlantc ID
 1871  Glasgow  Aug. 15  Quebec  Aug. 29 St. JohnsTransatlantc ID
 1871  Glasgow  Sept. 27  Quebec  Oct. 11 St. JohnsTransatlantc ID
 1872  Rebuilt, lengthened to 338.8 ft, new tonnage: 2,395 gross, new compounded engines by Lairs bros, BirkenheadAtlantic Journey ID 635
 1872  Renamed ManitobanAtlantic Journey ID 629
 1872  June 23, first voyage as "Manitoban", Glasgow - Quebec - MontrealAtlantic Journey ID 630
 1876  June 7, chartered by Temperly Line for London - Quebec - MontrealAtlantic Journey ID 631
 1898  Sailed with reindeer and Laps from Alta, Norway destined for AlaskaAtlantic Journey ID 632
 1899  ScrappedAtlantic Journey ID 633
The information listed above is not the complete record of the ship. The information was collected from a multitude of sources, and new information will be added as it emerges

Built by Laird Bros, Birkenhead in 1865 as the "Ottawa" for the British Colonial Steamship Co. of London, she was a 1 810 gross ton ship, length 287 feet x beam 35.2 feet (87,47m x 10,73m), clipper stem, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. There was accommodation for 25-1st plus steerage passengers. Launched on May 13th 1865, she sailed from London on her maiden voyage to Quebec and Montreal on August 16th 1865. In November 1865 there was reported an outbreak of Cholera on the ship which was quarantined.

After one more voyage on the London - Quebec and Montreal route, she started single round voyage between London and New York on December 14th 1865, and in August 1866 started a single round voyage from Copenhagen to Gothenburg, Christiania (Christiansand?) and New York mastered by Capt. Archer.

The interests behind the 1866 Ottawa sailing, was "The American Emigrant Aid & Homestead Company". Several of the members in the direction of the company were Scandinavians in America. The company wanted to open a regular route between Scandinavian ports and America. On the first (and only) voyage the ship made for this company, she arrived in Christiania from Copenhagen and Gothenburg, with only 150 passengers. The ship was equipped to take 3 times as many, and in Christiania the agent had managed to sign on just 40 persons. To avoid great losses, the company decided to let people travel even if they could not afford to pay the fee for the passage. They issued contracts saying that the passengers could pay for the ticket after arriving in America. This did the trick, and soon 230 craftsmen signed up. The contracts said that they should pay the company back within a year, and that the company had the right to draw one third of their wages. If the passage was not paid within the year, the company would fine them for an other 100$. After the ship had departed roomers started to run in Norway, saying that the passengers had been branded on the ship deck. When the craftsmen came to America, they had difficulties getting jobs, and most of them ended up working on the Pacific railroad, earning less than expected. In the newspapers in Norway a debate started, and many claimed that the emigrants had been bought like slaves. Eventually this debate led to the enforcement of the (1867) 1869 act about transportation of passengers from Norway to foreign countries. Ottawa 1866

On March 24th 1867 she started her first voyage between Antwerp and New York under charter to the US/Belgian company, Hiller & Strauss. She made her third and last sailing on this service on June 24th 1867, and in 1868 was purchased by the Allan Line.

She commenced sailing for this company on May 19th 1868 when she left Glasgow for Quebec and Montreal. Her last voyage on this service commenced Sept. 27th 1871 and in 1872 she was rebuilt to 2 395 gross tons, lengthened to 338.8 feet (103,25m), fitted with compound engines by the builders, and renamed Manitoban. She resumed Glasgow - Quebec - Montreal sailings on June 23rd 1872 and on June 7th 1876 commenced a single round voyage between London, Quebec and Montreal under charter to the Temperley Line of London. On March 15th 1879 she started her first Glasgow - Boston sailing and on Nov. 21st 1884 her first from Glasgow to Philadelphia. She made a sailing from Alta, Norway on February 4th 1898 for New York with Lapps and reindeer destined for Alaska and on December 3rd 1898 commenced her final voyage between Glasgow and Boston. She was scrapped in 1899.


Emigrant Ship databases

Agents & Shipping lines
Shipping lines, Norwegian agents, authorizations, routes and fleets.

Emigrant ship Arrivals
Trond Austheim's database of emigrant ship arrivals around the world, 1870-1894.

Norwegian departures
100 Years of Emigrant Ships from Norway - indexed by year 1825-1925
Passenger lists
Norwegian Emigrants 1825-1875 Pre 1875 Norwegian emigrants, passenger lists
  >> Steamships
       arranged by shipping line
  >> Sailing ships
  >> Historic Documents
       & passenger lists
  >> The Voyage
  >> Ports - harbors
  >> Yards & Construction
  >> Miscellaneous
  >> Pioneers & Settlements
Images added during the last 14 days
You can add images of ships and other related motives by using the "Upload Image" link within the appropriate category.
A selection of articles dedicated to help you in your genealogy search for your Norwegian ancestors. Transcripts and pictures of historic documents in connection with the ships and emigration. Also including articles about Pioneers & Norwegian Settlements Around the World
Articles about selected ships ships and special events in their history. Descriptions of some of the great maritime disasters involving emigrant ships, like the wrecking of the steamer Atlantic of the White Star Line, sinking of the ocean liner Empress of Ireland and the Thingvalla line steamer Norge disaster. Check this section if you have an interest in shipwrecks.
This section contains articles describing the transatlantic voyage, the condition of the steerage accommodations and the experience of an ocean travel on an emigrant ship. You will find in-depth studies concerning the emigration process, statistics and facts, and information about the immigration processing centers line Castle Garden and Ellis Island.
10 last postings: