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BurdenBuiltShipowner or operator Dimensions
1,810 gross 1865 at Birkenhead by Laird Bros Temperley Line 287ft x 35.2ft 
 1865 May 13, launched for British Colonial SS CoAtlantic Journey ID 3541
 1865 Aug. 16, maiden voyage London - Quebec - MontrealAtlantic Journey ID 3542
 1865 Captain Archer  from London Aug 16 to Quebec Sept. 1  Passenger list: Passenger list 
 1865 Captain Archer  from London Oct. 4 to Quebec Oct. 23  Passenger list: Passenger list 
 1865 Dec. 14, first voyage London - New YorkAtlantic Journey ID 3543
 1866 Captain Archer  from Christiania Aug. 22 to New York Sep. 6  Passenger list: Passenger list 
 1866 Captain Archer  from London April 17 to Quebec May 9  Passenger list: Passenger list 
 1866 Mastered by Capt. Archer, departed from Christiania Aug. 22, arrived at New York Sep. 6Atlantic Journey ID 3544
 1867 Chartered by Hiller & Strauss for Antwerp - New YorkAtlantic Journey ID 3545
 1868 Acquired by Allan Line from British Colonial SS Co, name remained OttawaAtlantic Journey ID 3553
 1868 May 19, first voyage for Allan, Glasgow - Quebec - MontrealAtlantic Journey ID 3546
 1869 May 25, departed from Stavanger, arrived at Quebec on June 11Atlantic Journey ID 3547
 1872 Rebuilt, lengthened to 338.8 ft, new tonnage: 2,395 gross, new compounded engines by Lairs bros, BirkenheadAtlantic Journey ID 3554
 1872 Renamed ManitobanAtlantic Journey ID 3548
 1872 June 23, first voyage as "Manitoban", Glasgow - Quebec - MontrealAtlantic Journey ID 3549
 1876 June 7, chartered by Temperly Line for London - Quebec - MontrealAtlantic Journey ID 3550
 1898 Sailed with reindeer and Laps from Alta, Norway destined for AlaskaAtlantic Journey ID 3551
 1899 ScrappedAtlantic Journey ID 3552
The information listed above is not the complete record of the ship. The information was collected from a multitude of sources, and new information will be added as it emerges

Built by Laird Bros, Birkenhead in 1865 as the "Ottawa" for the British Colonial Steamship Co. of London, she was a 1 810 gross ton ship, length 287 feet x beam 35.2 feet (87,47m x 10,73m), clipper stem, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. There was accommodation for 25-1st plus steerage passengers. Launched on May 13th 1865, she sailed from London on her maiden voyage to Quebec and Montreal on August 16th 1865. In November 1865 there was reported an outbreak of Cholera on the ship which was quarantined.

After one more voyage on the London - Quebec and Montreal route, she started single round voyage between London and New York on December 14th 1865, and in August 1866 started a single round voyage from Copenhagen to Gothenburg, Christiania (Christiansand?) and New York mastered by Capt. Archer.

The interests behind the 1866 Ottawa sailing, was "The American Emigrant Aid & Homestead Company". Several of the members in the direction of the company were Scandinavians in America. The company wanted to open a regular route between Scandinavian ports and America. On the first (and only) voyage the ship made for this company, she arrived in Christiania from Copenhagen and Gothenburg, with only 150 passengers. The ship was equipped to take 3 times as many, and in Christiania the agent had managed to sign on just 40 persons. To avoid great losses, the company decided to let people travel even if they could not afford to pay the fee for the passage. They issued contracts saying that the passengers could pay for the ticket after arriving in America. This did the trick, and soon 230 craftsmen signed up. The contracts said that they should pay the company back within a year, and that the company had the right to draw one third of their wages. If the passage was not paid within the year, the company would fine them for an other 100$. After the ship had departed roomers started to run in Norway, saying that the passengers had been branded on the ship deck. When the craftsmen came to America, they had difficulties getting jobs, and most of them ended up working on the Pacific railroad, earning less than expected. In the newspapers in Norway a debate started, and many claimed that the emigrants had been bought like slaves. Eventually this debate led to the enforcement of the (1867) 1869 act about transportation of passengers from Norway to foreign countries. Ottawa 1866

On March 24th 1867 she started her first voyage between Antwerp and New York under charter to the US/Belgian company, Hiller & Strauss. She made her third and last sailing on this service on June 24th 1867, and in 1868 was purchased by the Allan Line.

She commenced sailing for this company on May 19th 1868 when she left Glasgow for Quebec and Montreal. Her last voyage on this service commenced Sept. 27th 1871 and in 1872 she was rebuilt to 2 395 gross tons, lengthened to 338.8 feet (103,25m), fitted with compound engines by the builders, and renamed Manitoban. She resumed Glasgow - Quebec - Montreal sailings on June 23rd 1872 and on June 7th 1876 commenced a single round voyage between London, Quebec and Montreal under charter to the Temperley Line of London. On March 15th 1879 she started her first Glasgow - Boston sailing and on Nov. 21st 1884 her first from Glasgow to Philadelphia. She made a sailing from Alta, Norway on February 4th 1898 for New York with Lapps and reindeer destined for Alaska and on December 3rd 1898 commenced her final voyage between Glasgow and Boston. She was scrapped in 1899.


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A selection of articles dedicated to help you in your genealogy search for your Norwegian ancestors. Transcripts and pictures of historic documents in connection with the ships and emigration. Also including articles about Pioneers & Norwegian Settlements Around the World
Articles about selected ships ships and special events in their history. Descriptions of some of the great maritime disasters involving emigrant ships, like the wrecking of the steamer Atlantic of the White Star Line, sinking of the ocean liner Empress of Ireland and the Thingvalla line steamer Norge disaster. Check this section if you have an interest in shipwrecks.
This section contains articles describing the transatlantic voyage, the condition of the steerage accommodations and the experience of an ocean travel on an emigrant ship. You will find in-depth studies concerning the emigration process, statistics and facts, and information about the immigration processing centers line Castle Garden and Ellis Island.
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